Active 0 Reply 1.0K Views 2017-08-21 18:17:59 General

Nigeria's Agricultural sector through different setbacks has lost its glory of the past, in previous years the country was a force to be reckoned with; a large exporter of cash crops and huge producer of food crops. Food crops were cheap and readily available as farmers produced more than enough to feed and sustain its teeming population.

Advances in oil exploration however resulted in a huge departure of Nigeria's working populace from Agriculture, Young people who could be actively involved in agriculture suddenly diverted interests from to white collar and office jobs in search for greener pastures. Instead of creating and inventing methods of improving on production and food processing methods, Nigerian farmers got stuck with old methods of farming and food production. With a growing population and lack of investments in industrialization, it was only a matter of time before scarcity of jobs became prevalent.


With a population of 42.5million people in 1960, Nigeria's population has quadrupled to 186,988 million in 2016, at an annual growth rate of 2.44%. It is expected that the country's population would rise to 194,615,054 in 2018 and increase of 5,055,552 in just one year. Ultimately an increase in population should lead to increase in market size, number of business and a greater GDP (just as is the case in India, China); but that has not being the case in Nigeria. In fact youth unemployment rose by 25.20percent in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Another Survey revealed that 47 percent of Nigerian youths are without jobs. There is also a huge under employment rate of 36.5 percent, which means these youths are grossly under paid or work under unfit conditions.

Universities turn out graduates yearly, contributing to the overloaded job market. Job interviews have become a sort of reunion where one can usually meet old friends due to the sheer amount of applicants showing up for these interviews.

Graduates after waiting for ideal white collar jobs, realize the extent of their predicament and resort to working menial or underpaying jobs at schools, shops and restaurants. The not so honest ones have resorted to robbery, kidnapping, drug pushing among other vices just to make ends meet. It proves for a sad read that youths languish in these conditions even though there are boundless opportunities available in the agricultural sector.


A modern system of agriculture involves various farm management operations that ensures high productivity and growth, it has evolved from planting of crops and rearing animals using crude tools and machineries.

Modern day agriculture has countless job opportunities from sales, crop production, distribution, crop protection, processing, marketing, farm machineries etc. It has the capability to employ almost any expert in various fields including Research, Engineering, Science Laboratory, Sales and Marketing, Technology and so on.

The gains of modern farming are yet to be fully realized in Nigeria, currently most farmers are of an older age, and youths are of the disposition that graduating from tertiary institutions has put them above the tier of a common farmer.

This is most far from the truth. The current crop of farmers still utilize archaic farming methods and operations, thereby having low productivity and output. Food prices have gone up due to the inability of farmers to produce enough quantity to feed the ever increasing population. With an expected further rise in population, how the food needs of Nigerians would be met if not through improved farming methods.

With a considerable level of education it is expected that youths would be able to employ new improved methods of farming, and add better value to farm products and increase profitability; which would help improve their personal wellbeing and the society at large. Abundant opportunities exists for youths who are not interested in full scale farming, delivery of farm goods and produce, food storage and processing, production of feed or fertilizers are all ventures which if taken advantage of would greatly reduce unemployment rate.


To be successful in modern farming youths would need tools and funds, government should create platforms which would seek to support youths venturing into agriculture financially. There should be support groups where members can meet and share ideas and innovative methods they are employing in achieving productivity on their farms.

Modern farm necessities such as improved seedlings, fertilizers, machinery and farm management tools would go a long in ensuring farmers are successful in their enterprises and can become employers of labour in their own right.

Youths wishing to venture into agriculture can make use of existing platforms designed to help farmers grow such as Probity Farm Management Software, ProbityFarms is a tool employed by modern farmers to efficiently keep track of farm activities, expenses, machineries and so on.

Click here to sign up for a forever free account.

By Abraham Olaleke
Farmer & Techie